Personal Passive simply means that the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence. So every verb that needs an object (transitive verb) can form a personal passive. Example: They build houses. – Houses are built.
Reporting verb is the verb which reports the speech.
- She said, „I am fine.“ (Reporting verb: said)
- He asked, „Can I have more of that cheese?“ (Reporting verb: asked)
- She says, „I am going.“ (Reporting verb: says)
Words showing nearness in direct speech are normally changed into words showing distance in indirect speech. The most common changes are given below. Continue reading „Direct and indirect speech: Rules for the change of adverbs“
To report a promise, hope or intention we use an appropriate reporting verb followed by a that-clause or a to-infinitive. Continue reading „Direct and indirect speech: Reporting hopes, promises and intentions“
To report orders, requests and suggestions, we normally use a reporting verb like tell with (object) + to infinitive. Continue reading „Direct and indirect speech: Reporting orders, requests and advice“
In reported questions the subject normally comes before the verb. It is not necessary to use do or did. Question marks are not used in reported questions. Continue reading „Direct and indirect speech: Reporting questions“