Ing-forms, present participles & Gerunds (ing форми, сегашни причастия и герундий)

A verb ending in -ing is either a present participle or a gerund.
These two forms look identical. The difference is in their functions in a sentence.

Present participles are part of the continuous tenses.
The helping verb will indicate the tense, while the present participle remains unchanging.
He is painting.
She was waiting.
They will be coming.

A present participle is most commonly used as part of the continuous form of a verb,
after verbs of perception, after verbs of movement, or as an adjective.

The gerund always has the same function as a noun, although it looks like a verb
It can be used in the same way as a noun.
Driving too fast is dangerous.
I like cooking.
He enjoys walking.
We often have the option to use a ”to-infinitive” or a “gerund form”
To drive too fast is dangerous./driving too fast ….

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