Direct and indirect speech: Reporting verb

Reporting verb is the verb which reports the speech. She said, "I am fine." (Reporting verb: said) He asked, "Can I have more of that cheese?" (Reporting verb: asked) She says, "I am going." (Reporting verb: says) Said is preferred when there is no object. He said that he was fine. Tell/told is used when … Продължете с четенето на Direct and indirect speech: Reporting verb

Direct and indirect speech: Rules for the change of adverbs

Words showing nearness in direct speech are normally changed into words showing distance in indirect speech. The most common changes are given below. Now/just changes to then Come sometimes changes to go Today changes to that day/the same day Tomorrow changes to the next day/the following day Yesterday changes to the day before/the previous day … Продължете с четенето на Direct and indirect speech: Rules for the change of adverbs

Direct and indirect speech: Reporting hopes, promises and intentions

To report a promise, hope or intention we use an appropriate reporting verb followed by a that-clause or a to-infinitive. He said, "I will pay you the money tomorrow." He promised to pay me the money the next day. He promised that he would pay me the money the next day. Other verbs used to … Продължете с четенето на Direct and indirect speech: Reporting hopes, promises and intentions

Direct and indirect speech: Reporting orders, requests and advice

To report orders, requests and suggestions, we normally use a reporting verb like tell with (object) + to infinitive. "Be careful," I told him. I told him to be careful. "Go away," he said. He told me to go away. "Call the first witness," said the judge. The judge ordered them to call the first … Продължете с четенето на Direct and indirect speech: Reporting orders, requests and advice

Direct and indirect speech: Reporting questions

In reported questions the subject normally comes before the verb. It is not necessary to use do or did. Question marks are not used in reported questions. He said, "When are you leaving?" He asked me when I was leaving. (NOT When was I leaving?) I said, "Where are you staying?" I asked her where … Продължете с четенето на Direct and indirect speech: Reporting questions

Indirect speech: Rules for the change of tenses

When the reporting verb is in the past tense, all present tenses within the inverted commas are changed into the corresponding past tenses. Simple present will change into simple past. She said, "I am fine." She said that she was fine. Present continuous will change into past continuous tense. She said, "I am going." She … Продължете с четенето на Indirect speech: Rules for the change of tenses

Direct and indirect speech

There are two main ways of reporting people’s thoughts, words, beliefs etc. Direct speech We can repeat or quote the exact words spoken. This kind of reporting is called direct speech. She said, "I am going.” "The soup is too hot!” cried little Einstein. He said, "I want to go home.” Indirect (reported) speech We … Продължете с четенето на Direct and indirect speech