Gerund (герундий)

The gerund always has the same function as a noun. A gerund can be the subject in the sentence. Examples: Walking is good for you. A gerund can be an object in the sentence. Examples: I like walking in the park. A gerund after prepositions After prepositions we normally use a gerund. Examples: Can you … Продължете с четенето на Gerund (герундий)

Degree modifiers with comparatives and superlatives

We cannot use very with comparatives. Instead we use other degree modifiers like much, far, very much, a lot, lots, any, no, rather, a little, a bit and even. She is much older than her husband. (NOT … very older than ...) Is he any better? Russian is much/far more difficult than Spanish. You are … Продължете с четенето на Degree modifiers with comparatives and superlatives

Comparison using superlative adjectives and adverbs

We use the superlative to compare somebody/something with the whole group that she/he/it belongs to. Tom is the tallest of the four brothers. Gold is the most precious of all metals. (OR Gold is the most precious metal.) Grammar notes Nouns with superlative adjectives normally take the article the (unless there is a possessive). She … Продължете с четенето на Comparison using superlative adjectives and adverbs

Comparison using comparative adjectives and adverbs

To say that people, things etc are unequal in a particular way, we can use comparative adjectives/adverbs. She is older than me. Tom is taller than his brothers. Iron is more useful than any other metal. He is cleverer than her. In an informal style, object pronouns are used after than. In a more formal … Продължете с четенето на Comparison using comparative adjectives and adverbs

Comparison using positive adjectives and adverbs

Positive adjectives and adverbs can be used for comparing. Several different grammatical structures are possible. As … as … This structure is used to say that people, things, actions or events are equal in a particular way. A car is as fast as a bus. Alice is as beautiful as Mary. Tom is as tall … Продължете с четенето на Comparison using positive adjectives and adverbs

Degrees of comparison

English adjectives and adverbs commonly distinguish three degrees: the positive (the basic form), the comparative (expressing a higher degree than is present in something else) and the superlative (expressing a maximal degree). Comparative and superlative adjectives: formation The comparative is formed with –er or more; the superlative is formed with –est or most. One syllable … Продължете с четенето на Degrees of comparison

The Mixed Conditional

There are two types of mixed conditional sentences. One of them states the present result of a past condition and the other state the past result of a present or continuing condition. Present result of a past condition Here we use a past perfect in the if-clause and would + infinitive in the main clause. … Продължете с четенето на The Mixed Conditional

Type 3 Conditional

Here we use a past perfect in the if-clause and would have + past participle in the result clause. If I had won that award, my life would have changed. If she had studied science, she would have found a better job. The Type 3 Conditional is used to talk about past situations that did … Продължете с четенето на Type 3 Conditional

Type 2 Conditional

Here we use a simple past in the if-clause and would + infinitive (bare form of the verb) in the result clause. If you asked, they would help you. If it rained, you would get wet. If you loved her, she would love you. If I had more money, I would buy a new car. … Продължете с четенето на Type 2 Conditional