Present perfect and simple past: differences

We do not use the present perfect with expressions that refer to a completely finished period of time, like yesterday, last week, when, then, five years ago, in 1995. The simple past is used with this meaning. Continue reading „Present perfect and simple past: differences“

The past perfect progressive tense

Affirmative Negative Question
I had been writing.
She had been writing.
You had been writing.
I had not been writing.
She had not been writing.
You had not been writing.
Had I been writing?
Had she been writing?
Had you been writing?

Use

We use the past perfect progressive to talk about longer actions or situations which had continued up to the past moment that we are thinking about, or shortly before it. Continue reading „The past perfect progressive tense“

The past perfect tense

Affirmative Negative Question
I had written.
She had written.
You had written.
I had not written.
She had not written.
You had not written.
Had I written?
Had she written?
Had you written?

Uses of the past perfect tense

to refer to the ‘earlier past’

The past perfect tense denotes an action completed at some point in the past before some other past action commenced. When two actions in the past have to be referred to, the past perfect is used for the earlier action and the simple past for the later one. Continue reading „The past perfect tense“

Present perfect progressive tense

Affirmative Negative Question
I have been writing
She has been writing.
You have been writing.
I have not been writing.
She has not been writing.
You have not been writing.
Have I been writing?
Has she been writing?
Have you been writing?

Uses of the present perfect progressive tense

We use the present perfect progressive to talk about situations which started in the past and are still going on, or which have just stopped and have present results. Continue reading „Present perfect progressive tense“

Present perfect tense

Affirmative Negative Question
I have written
She has written.
You have written.
I have not written.
She has not written.
You have not written.
Have I written?
Has she written?
Have you written?

Uses of the present perfect tense

past events connected with the present

We can use the present perfect tense to say that a finished action or event is connected with the present in some way.

  • He has broken his leg. (His leg is broken now.)
  • Somebody has let the cat in. (The cat is in now.)
  • Our dog has died. (Our dog is dead.)

Continue reading „Present perfect tense“