To report a promise, hope or intention we use an appropriate reporting verb followed by a that-clause or a to-infinitive. Continue reading „Direct and indirect speech: Reporting hopes, promises and intentions“
To report orders, requests and suggestions, we normally use a reporting verb like tell with (object) + to infinitive. Continue reading „Direct and indirect speech: Reporting orders, requests and advice“
Infinitives are generally used with the marker to. But we use the infinitive without to in some cases.
After modal auxiliary verbs
After the modal auxiliary verbs will, shall, would, should, can, could, may, might and must, we use the infinitive without to. Continue reading „Infinitives without to“
Besides simple infinitives like (to) write, there are also progressive, perfect and passive infinitives.
Form: (to) + be + present participle
Examples are: (to) be writing, (to) be reading, (to) be walking etc. Continue reading „Infinitive forms“
Functions of the to-infinitive
The to-infinitive as the subject of the sentence.
This is a formal usage and is far more common in written English than spoken: Continue reading „Functions of the to-infinitive“