Adverbs (наречия)

Adverbs are words like tomorrow, daily, badly, once and too. They tell us more about other words, especially verbs.

Sometimes adverbs modify adjectives.

Adverbs can also modify other adverbs.

Most adverbs are formed by adding -ly to their corresponding adjectives. Examples are: kindly (kind), slowly (slow), hardly (hard), sweetly (sweet) etc.

Points to be noted

1. If the adjective ends in -y, replace it with -i and then add -ly.

Adjective Adverb
happy happily
angry angrily
lucky luckily

2. If the adjective ends in -able, -ible, or -le, replace the -e with -y.

Adjective Adverb
probable probably
gentle gently
humble humbly

If the adjective ends in -ic, add -ally.

Adjective Adverb
basic basically
economic economically

This rule, however, has an exception. The adverb formed from public is publicly, and not publically.

Some words ending in -ly are adjectives, and not normally adverbs.

Common examples are: costly, cowardly, deadly, friendly, likely, lively, lonely, lovely, silly, ugly and unlikely.

Some adverbs and adjectives have the same form.

Examples are: fast, hard, high, late, near, straight, wrong, daily, early, leisurely etc.

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