Adverbs (наречия)

Adverbs are words like tomorrow, daily, badly, once and too. They tell us more about other words, especially verbs.

  • The child smiled sweetly. (The adverb sweetly modifies the verb smiled.)
  • She walked slowly. (The adverb slowly modifies the verb walked.)
  • He talked politely. (The adverb politely modifies the verb talked.)

Sometimes adverbs modify adjectives.

  • It was a very important question. (The adverb very modifies the adjective important.)
  • You are so sweet. (The adverb so modifies the adjective sweet.)

Adverbs can also modify other adverbs.

  • He walked very slowly. (The adverb very modifies the adverb slowly.)
  • She sang extremely well. (The adverb extremely modifies the adverb well.)

Most adverbs are formed by adding -ly to their corresponding adjectives. Examples are: kindly (kind), slowly (slow), hardly (hard), sweetly (sweet) etc.

    • She is very beautiful (adjective).
    • She is beautifully (adverb) dressed.
    • He is a strange (adjective) person.
    • He behaved strangely (adverb).
Points to be noted

1. If the adjective ends in -y, replace it with -i and then add -ly.

Adjective Adverb
happy happily
angry angrily
lucky luckily

2. If the adjective ends in -able, -ible, or -le, replace the -e with -y.

Adjective Adverb
probable probably
gentle gently
humble humbly


3.
If the adjective ends in -ic, add -ally.

Adjective Adverb
basic basically
economic economically

This rule, however, has an exception. The adverb formed from public is publicly, and not publically.

Some words ending in -ly are adjectives, and not normally adverbs.

Common examples are: costly, cowardly, deadly, friendly, likely, lively, lonely, lovely, silly, ugly and unlikely.

  • She has a lovely daughter.
  • Don’t be silly.
  • It was a lively discussion.

Some adverbs and adjectives have the same form.

Examples are: fast, hard, high, late, near, straight, wrong, daily, early, leisurely etc.

  • It is a fast (adjective) car.
  • A fast (adjective) car goes fast (adverb).
  • He drove fast (adverb).
  • Hard (adjective) work pays.
  • You must work hard (adverb).
  • He is an early (adjective) riser.
  • I got up early (adverb) today.
  • It is easy (adjective).
  • Take it easy (adverb)

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